Denied Justice: The Legal Plight of Egypt’s Christians
By Raymond Ibrahim
Last week the Egyptian court system denied justice to Egypt’s Coptic Orthodox Christian minority by again postponing judgment on two notorious cases that have been at court for years.
The first concerns Soa‘d Thabet, a 70-year-old Coptic grandmother. On May 20, 2016, a mob of some 300 Muslim men descended on her home, stripped her completely naked, beat, spit on, and paraded her in the streets of al-Karm village (in Minya governorate) to jeers, whistles, and triumphant shouts of “Allahu Akbar.”
Earlier that day she and her husband had gone to local police and complained that they were being harassed and threatened by neighborhood Muslims. Police responded by also threatening and ordering them out of the station. A few hours later, the attack came. It took the same local police over two hours to appear, giving the mob “ample time,” as one Christian clergyman put it, to riot. Seven Christian homes were also burned.
The second case goes back to July 2013, when General Sisi ousted then President Morsi of the Muslim Brotherhood, following popular demonstrations against Morsi on June 30. Then, Brotherhood sympathizers all around Egypt rioted, mostly by targeting Coptic Christian people, homes, and especially churches, of which almost one hundred were set ablaze or destroyed.
During these rampages, rioters randomly killed an elderly Coptic man, Iskander (Alexander) Toos, in Delga (also Minya governorate). After murdering him, they dragged his body on the ground to jeers and cries of “Allahu Akbar” (graphic video here). His corpse was then unceremoniously hurled into a garbage bin. For three days, his children were prevented from retrieving the body for burial. An unknown person eventually buried Alexander in an unmarked grave. His relentless murderers found the grave, exhumed the mangled body, propped it up, and used it for target practice.
In both the case of the stripped Coptic woman and the case of the slaughtered Coptic man, the names and faces of the culprits and murderers are well known. Indeed, while the humiliated, elderly woman, and the family of the slain man were driven from their homes and continue to reside outside their villages for fear of “reprisals,” their persecutors still live and walk around there, freely and proudly. Among them is the local sheikh of Delga, who was seen participating in the slaughter of Mr. Toos.
And yet both cases have been at court for years—nearly four years for the stripped woman and nearly seven years for the slain man. The ruling court in Minya has come up with any number of excuses not to judge on these cases. Last March 17, 2019, it simply recused itself and stepped down from both cases. Now, according to an October 28, 2019 report, the two cases have been postponed yet again because a court member was reportedly absent.
It should be borne in mind that, even in Egypt, such criminal cases usually do not take years to judge: except for those who managed to escape, Muslim Brotherhood sympathizers who targeted state property or officials in 2013 were arrested years back, tried, found guilty, and hundreds even sentenced to death.
So why has it taken nearly seven years to rule on the case of a Christian man whose Muslim murderers are known? Why has it taken nearly four years to rule on the case of a Christian grandmother who was stripped completely naked, slapped, spat upon, and paraded in the streets?
Commenting on these ongoing delays, Adel Guindy, past president of Coptic Solidarity and member of its board, said, “The judiciary system in Egypt, as well as the rest of the pillars of the state (often referred to as the “deep state”) have become impregnated with fundamentalist Islamic ideology, and are thus decidedly biased against Copts. The political leadership of the country takes no concrete corrective measures and, worse still, lets this ideology shape and dominate the society, through education and media.”
The ongoing stalling of two cases where Copts were victimized makes clear that Egypt’s Christian minorities are not just suffering from Islamists and criminals but from the entire system, a system which allows much impunity for those who would target Christians.
After all, a justice that moves as slowly as a turtle—constantly recusing and delaying—is just another form of injustice.