These 5 weather phenomena are some of the rarest on Earth

Lovin Jesus

Well-Known Member
Clickorlando.com

After the Midwest experienced a derecho, a tornado tore through Central Florida and a fire tornado broke out in North California -- all in the last two weeks -- it got us thinking about some of the rare and interesting types of weather phenomena.

1. Ball lightning
While scientists don’t fully understand ball lightning, and despite the fact that at least one study, according to National Geographic, theorized the sightings are hallucinations caused by magnetic fields during storms, most scientists seem to agree it is real.

The first sighting of ball lightning that was ever recorded was in 1638. The “great ball of fire” went through a window of an English church. That, and other early accounts, suggested ball lightning could be deadly.

One piece of research theorizes that ball lightning is the product of a reaction between oxygen and vaporized elements from soil caused by a lightning ground strike.

Another theory states that atmospheric ions pile up at the surface of a window, producing enough of an electrical field on the other side, which generates a discharge.

Ball lightning has also been associated with earthquakes.

There are many theories, and many scientists have tried to create the phenomena, but even amid all the lab experiments, experts say there is still a lot to learn about ball lightning.

2. Hail glaciers
You may remember pictures and videos of Guadalajara in 2019 that appeared as if the Mexican city had gotten snow. That rare occurrence was actually hail glaciers.

Hail glaciers happen when excessive hail fall combines with heavy rain in the aftermath of a severe thunderstorm, according to the American Meteorological Society.

Hail glaciers have persisted for days and weeks.

3. Twin tornadoes
Produced by a single supercell, twin tornadoes are unusual.

These are different from tornado outbreaks, in which multiple tornadoes are associated with separate supercells.

A National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration meteorologist at its Storm Prediction Center told National Geographic there are several ways to get twins. If a tornado spins up before an old one dies out, when they overlap, there are two twisters on the ground from the same supercell.

4. Record-breaking heat
Does this one seem obvious or surprising? The year 2019 was the second-hottest on record in the NOAA’s 140-year climate record, just behind 2016, accord. In fact, scientists say nine of the world’s 10 warmest years have occurred since 2005, the NOAA reports.

5. South Atlantic hurricanes
Only one known hurricane has ever been recorded in the South Atlantic, according to the NOAA. Catarina made landfall over Brazil in March 2004 as a Category 1 storm.

In March 2019, Tropical Storm Iba formed off the southeast coast of Brazil, but never grew into a hurricane. It was the first named tropical storm in the South Atlantic in almost 10 years.

Over the course of 50 years, between 1957 and 2007, researchers found that only 63 subtropical cyclones had formed in the South Atlantic.
 

ChildofLight

Well-Known Member
I didn’t know there was such a thing as ball lightning. My sister was telling me a while back about when she was little she was going to the barn. About half way there it lightened and she said there was this blue ball that hit the ground near her and it just bounced along the ground away from her for a bit then disappeared. She said she just stood there and watched it.
 

Cloud Watcher

Well-Known Member
I didn’t know there was such a thing as ball lightning. My sister was telling me a while back about when she was little she was going to the barn. About half way there it lightened and she said there was this blue ball that hit the ground near her and it just bounced along the ground away from her for a bit then disappeared. She said she just stood there and watched it.

I have heard of it. I even saw it on one of those SciFi disaster movies. It entered a building and was threatening people.
 

moosejive

Well-Known Member
I didn’t know there was such a thing as ball lightning. My sister was telling me a while back about when she was little she was going to the barn. About half way there it lightened and she said there was this blue ball that hit the ground near her and it just bounced along the ground away from her for a bit then disappeared. She said she just stood there and watched it.
I saw it once when I was about 6 years old sitting at kitchen table coloring in evening. It rolled out of the playroom and rolled around the kitchen for a minute, then back out into playroom. My mom saw it also because I had called out to her when it came into kitchen.
Never have seen it again...this was about 57 years ago. :oops:
 

antitox

Well-Known Member
I didn’t know there was such a thing as ball lightning. My sister was telling me a while back about when she was little she was going to the barn. About half way there it lightened and she said there was this blue ball that hit the ground near her and it just bounced along the ground away from her for a bit then disappeared. She said she just stood there and watched it.
These are the types which are kinda interesting and I don't know if I've seen all of these:
  • Sheet lightning - Normal lightning that is reflected in the clouds
  • Heat lightning - Normal lightning near the horizon that is reflected by high clouds
  • Ball lightning - A phenomenon where lightning forms a slow, moving ball that can burn objects in its path before exploding or burning out
  • Red sprite -A red burst reported to occur above storm clouds and reaching a few miles in length (toward the stratosphere)
  • Blue jet - A blue, cone-shaped burst that occurs above the center of a storm cloud and moves upward (toward the stratosphere) at a high rate of speed
 
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