Puberty Blockers, Cross-Sex Hormones, and Youth Suicide

Everlasting Life

Through Faith in Jesus
I went to post this and it included the footnotes connected with the article. I thought it was actually good to keep them so one can see for themselves easily the evidence. Below the quoted article are the corresponding footnotes that the article is referring to, those are in bold. The whole article looks to be very good.



https://www.heritage.org/gender/report/puberty-blockers-cross-sex-hormones-and-youth-suicide



----- Summary

Lowering legal barriers to make it easier for minors to undergo cross-sex medical interventions without parental consent does not reduce suicide rates—in fact, it likely leads to higher rates of suicide among young people in states that adopt these changes. States should instead adopt parental bills of rights that affirm the fact that parents have primary responsibility for their children’s education and health, and that require school officials and health professionals to receive permission from parents before administering health services, including medication and “gender-affirming” counseling, to children under 18. States should also tighten the criteria for receiving cross-sex treatments, including raising the minimum eligibility age.

Key Takeaways​


U.S. policymakers are seeking to make it easier for minors to access puberty blockers and cross-sex hormones based on the claim that doing so reduces suicide risk.

Studies finding that “gender-affirming” interventions prevent suicide fail to show a causal relationship and have been poorly executed.

A superior research design shows that easing access to puberty blockers and cross-sex hormones by minors without parental consent increases suicide rates.



Adolescents who are confused about their gender suffer from an abnormally high suicide rate.1 Though research demonstrates that gender confusion generally resolves itself without medical intervention,2 some educators and medical professionals encourage teens, and even pre-teens, to take puberty blockers or cross-sex hormones so that their secondary sex characteristics, such as body and facial hair, breast tissue, muscular build, and fat composition, align more closely with the gender with which they identify.3

While the World Professional Association for Transgender Health (WPATH) acknowledges that these interventions can have significant complications, it warns that delaying intervention also has serious risks:

Refusing timely medical interventions for adolescents might prolong gender dysphoria and contribute to an appearance that could provoke abuse and stigmatization. As the level of gender-related abuse is strongly associated with the degree of psychiatric distress during adolescence (Nuttbrock et al., 2010), withholding puberty suppression and subsequent feminizing or masculinizing hormone therapy is not a neutral option for adolescents.4
Other advocates, members of the media, and even White House staff invoke scientific authority to assert that cross-sex medical interventions reduce the risk of suicide. Sarah Harte, director for the Washington, DC, branch of an organization that provides medical intervention and support for youth called The Dorm, stated with confidence that “[l]aws and systems barring gender-affirming healthcare will contribute to higher rates of significant mental health problems, including deaths by suicide.”5

The CEO of The Trevor Project, Amit Paley, said, “It’s clear that gender-affirming care has the potential to reduce rates of depression and suicide attempts.”6

In an opinion piece in The Washington Post, University of Virginia Law School professors Anne Coughlin and Naomi Cahn claimed that cross-sex medication “has been shown to reduce the risk of depression and suicide for transgender youth,” and that “banning it creates an excruciating conflict for parents, as the steps they take to preserve their children’s lives may lead the state to investigate and punish them.”7

Even former White House press secretary Jen Psaki referred to such medical interventions as “medically necessary, lifesaving healthcare for [kids].”8

The danger of adolescents committing suicide if they do not receive these medical interventions is thought to be so urgent that the Biden Administration recently issued a statement “confirming the positive impact of gender affirming care on youth mental health,” while referencing “the evidence behind the positive effects of gender affirming care.”9

A number of states have also considered or enacted legislation making it easier for minors to access cross-sex interventions without their parents’ knowledge or consent. For example, California recently enacted a new law, AB 1184, to prevent insurance companies from notifying parents if children on their policies receive “sensitive services,” which were defined to include “gender affirming care.”10 However, young people may also experience significant and irreversible harms from such medical interventions.11


This Backgrounder reviews existing research on the relationship between cross-sex interventions and suicide, and then presents a new empirical analysis that examines whether easing access by adolescents to these interventions is likely to result in fewer adolescent suicides. The new analysis presented here finds that the existing literature on this topic suffers from a series of weaknesses that prevent researchers from being able to draw credible causal conclusions about a relationship between medical interventions and suicide. Using a superior research design, the new analysis finds that increasing minors’ access to cross-sex interventions is associated with a significant increase in the adolescent suicide rate. Rather than facilitating access by minors to these medical interventions without parental consent, states should be pursuing policies that strengthen parental involvement in these important decisions with life-long implications for their children......




1 Michelle M. Johns et al., “Transgender Identity and Experiences of Violence Victimization, Substance Use, Suicide Risk, and Sexual Risk Behaviors Among High School Students—19 States and Large Urban School Districts, 2017,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Vol. 68, No. 3 (January 25, 2019), pp. 67–71, https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6803a3 (accessed May 25, 2022).

2 James M. Cantor, “Transgender and Gender Diverse Children and Adolescents: Fact-Checking of AAP Policy,” Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, Vol. 46, No. 4, 2020), pp. 307–313, https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/0092623X.2019.1698481 (accessed May 25, 2022). Also see Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association, 2013), pp. 451–459, and Ryan T. Anderson, When Harry Became Sally: Responding to the Transgender Moment (New York, NY: Encounter Books, 2018), pp. 93–144.

3 Society for Evidence Based Gender Medicine, “Our Aim Is to Promote Safe, Compassionate, Ethical and Evidence-Informed Healthcare for Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults with Gender Dysphoria,” https://segm.org/home (accessed May 25, 2022), and Julia E. Richards and R. Scott Hawley, The Human Genome: A User’s Guide, Third Edition (Cambridge, MA: Academic Press, 2010), Chapter 8.

4 Eli Coleman et al., “Standards of Care for the Health of Transsexual, Transgender, and Gender Nonconforming People,” International Journal of Transgenderism, Vol. 13, No. 4 (2012), p. 21, https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15532739.2011.700873 (accessed May 25, 2022).
5 “The ‘Life-Saving’ Science Behind Gender-Affirming Care for Youth,” Medical News Today, March 29, 2022, https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/ar...cience-behind-gender-affirming-care-for-youth (accessed May 25, 2022).

6 Jo Yurcaba, “Hormone Therapy Linked to Lower Suicide Risk for Trans Youths, Study Finds,” NBC News, December 14, 2021, https://www.nbcnews.com/nbc-out/out...uicide-risk-trans-youths-study-finds-rcna8617 (accessed May 25, 2022).

7 “Texas Is Trampling Parents’ Rights in Its Investigations of Trans Kids,” The Washington Post, April 8, 2022, https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/2022/04/08/texas-transgender-family-law/ (accessed May 25, 2022).

8 The White House, “Press Briefing by Press Secretary Jen Psaki, April 7, 2022,” https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing...ng-by-press-secretary-jen-psaki-april-7-2022/ (accessed May 25, 2022).

9 The White House, “Fact Sheet: Biden–Harris Administration Advances Equality and Visibility for Transgender Americans,” March 31, 2022, https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing...ity-and-visibility-for-transgender-americans/ (accessed May 25, 2022).

10 California Legislative Information, Assembly Bill No. 1184 “Medical Information: Confidentiality,” https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/billNavClient.xhtml?bill_id=202120220AB1184 (accessed May 25, 2022); Brandon Richards, “Planned Parenthood Affiliates of California Statement on Passage of AB 1184,” Planned Parenthood Affiliates of California, September 9, 2021, https://www.plannedparenthoodaction...affiliates-california-statement-passage-ab-11 (accessed May 25, 2022); and Nancy Flory, “California Gov. Newsom Signs Bill into Law that Allows Children to Hide Abortions, Transgender Treatments, from Parents,” The Stream, September 28, 2021, https://stream.org/california-gov-n...bortions-transgender-treatments-from-parents/ (accessed May 25, 2022).

11 Michael Biggs, “Revisiting the Effect of GnRH Analogue Treatment on Bone Mineral Density in Young Adolescents with Gender Dysphoria,” Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, Vol. 34, No. 7 (July 1, 2021), pp. 937–939, https://doi.org/10.1515/jpem-2021-0180 (accessed May 25, 2022); Noreen Islam et al., “Is There a Link Between Hormone Use and Diabetes Incidence in Transgender People? Data From the STRONG Cohort,” The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, Vol. 107, No. 4 (April 1, 2022), pp. e1549–e1557, https://doi.org/10.1210/clinem/dgab832 (accessed May 25, 2022); Shira Baram et al., “Fertility Preservation for Transgender Adolescents and Young Adults: A Systematic Review,” Human Reproduction Update, Vol. 25, No. 6 (November 5, 2019), pp. 694–716, https://doi.org/10.1093/humupd/dmz026 (accessed May 25, 2022); Elie Vandenbussche, “Detransition-Related Needs and Support: A Cross-Sectional Online Survey,” Journal of Homosexuality, April 30, 2021, pp. 1–19, https://doi.org/10.1080/00918369.2021.1919479 (accessed May 25, 2022); Alison Clayton, “The Gender Affirmative Treatment Model for Youth with Gender Dysphoria: A Medical Advance or Dangerous Medicine?” Archives of Sexual Behavior, Vol. 51, No. 2 (February 1, 2022), pp. 691–698, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-021-02232-0 (accessed May 25, 2022); and Society for Evidence Based Gender Medicine, “Studies,” https://segm.org/studies (accessed May 25, 2022).








So, just to make this clear....parents who are not on board with puberty blockers and cross-sex hormones actually CARE about their kids, they don't want to see them die.

Additionally, any movement that will not tolerate other opinions on this subject and moves to isolate, attack and shut down conversation is the definition of a cult. This is also intolerant. And, killing our kids.
 
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